NCDC announces five additional COVID-19 deaths, 176 new infections

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), has registered five more COVID-19 deaths and additional 176 new infections in 11 states and the FCT.

The NCDC made this known on its website on Saturday.

It says the 176 new cases reported on Friday indicate a decrease from the 247 cases posted on Thursday.

It noted that the country’s total infections from the pandemic stood at 210,136, while the fatality toll stood at 2,855.

The NCDC said that a total of 198,117 Nigerians had received treatment and had been discharged from hospitals since the start of the pandemic in 2020.

The public health agency noted that the FCT topped the infection chart on Friday with 73 cases, while Plateau came next with 25 cases.

The agency stated that they were followed by Rivers in the South-South with 20 cases, while Kano State in the Northwest recorded 18 cases.

Lagos State, the epicentre of the infection recorded 15 cases, while Bauchi State in the Northeast recorded nine cases.

Others are Osun and Ekiti states in the Southwest that recorded eight cases and three cases respectively, while, Edo in the South-South recorded a single case.

Bayelsa, Niger and Sokoto states recorded a single case each also.

The NCDC added that the country’s active cases stood at 9,164 as at Oct. 22.

The agency stated also that more than three million samples had been tested out of the nation’s estimated 200 million population.

COVID-19: Nigeria’s infection rate hits 199,333 –NCDC

 The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) says the country now has 199, 333 COVID-19 infections as at Friday Aug. 27 across all the 36 states of the federation and the Federal Capital Territory.

The Centre, who made the announcement on its verified website on Saturday morning, noted that the country logged in 618 additional COVID-19 infections on Friday, adding to the recent surge in infections driven by the spread of the Delta variant in the country.

Our correspondent reports that the 618 fresh cases reported on Friday was a drop from the 835 cases reported the previous day and that the fresh cases were reported from 15 states of the federation.

The Centre also reported 10 additional COVID-19 related deaths as at Aug. 27, 2021, which increased the nation’s fatalities to 2,308

The Public Health agency noted that the number of the country’s active coronavirus infections had again risen to 18,210, an increase from  17, 210 reported on Wednesday .

The NCDC  did not indicate if majority of the known active cases were from the contagious Delta variant, or other variants of concerns to the World Health Organization (WHO).

The  Centre stated that the fresh 618 cases were reported from across 15 states of the federation.

“Lagos state reported 312, a rise from the 217 cases of the previous day Thursday, Akwa Ibom recorded 89 fresh cases, a rise from the 11 cases it reported the previous day, while Edo posted 71 cases, a rise from the 45 cases of the previous day.

“Others were; 47 in Rivers, 20 each in Ekiti and  Plateau, 15 in Delta, 13 in Kwara, 11 in the FCT, 8 in Osun, 4 in Oyo, 3 each In Ogun and Benue, 1 each in Gombe and Kaduna, respectively”, it stated.

The NCDC added that over 2.7 million samples of the virus out of the nation’s roughly 200 million population were tested, while 169,815 cases were successfully treated with 189 additional people discharged on Friday.

Meanwhile, the multi-sectoral national emergency operations centre (EOC), activated at level 2, had continued to coordinate the national response activities, the NCDC said.

Nigeria records 10 cases of COVID-19 Delta variant – NCDC

Nigeria has so far recorded 10 new cases of the Delta COVID-19 variant.

The Director-General, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), Dr Chikwe Ihekweazu discled this at the ministerial briefing on COVID-19 in Abuja,

Our correspondent, reports that the Delta variant is recognised by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as a variant of concern, given its increased transmissibility.

The variant has so far been detected in over 90 countries.

Ihekweazu, who was represented by Mrs Elsie Ilori, Director of Disease Surveillance Department, CDC while, giving an update on the Nigeria’s COVID-19 situation, said that while progress had been made in response to the ongoing pandemic with the fact paced development of diagnostic, therapeutic, and vaccines globally, variants of concern with increased transmissibility pose a threat.

“With sequencing efforts, we have detected 10 cases which are confirmed to be the Delta variant.

”We are working hard to ensure genomic surveillance of travelers’ samples and to scale up our genomic sequencing capacity.

“While doing this, we are scaling up our testing capability, by the rollout of rapid Diagnostic Test Kits (RTDs), in selected states nationwide.

“As we have mentioned before, we encourage congregate setting, such as hospitals, schools, workplaces and correctional facilities, to take advantage of the WHO, approved RTDs kits to detect cases promptly,” he explained.

The NCDC boss disclosed that the country’s test positive rate based on Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), test alone, which he noted was an indication used to understand the level of virus transmission increased to 3.4 percent in the country.

“This represents a rise compared to Test Positivity Rate (TPR), which was sustained for several weeks at around 1 percent in the country. In addition, last week five deaths were recorded.

“These figures must serve as a strong warning to be even more on our guard regarding reducing the risk of COVID-19 spread, especially considering the more transmissible Delta variants detected in the country,” he advised.

Ihekweazu stressed that Lagos state continued to have the highest contribution to the current caseload in the country.

He noted that states which have recently recorded increases in cases include Akwa Ibom, Ekiti, Oyo and Rivers states.

“Akwa Ibom had a sudden surge in cases in the last week and so, we have deployed a Rapid Response Team, to support the state’s response activities.

“The team will support Akwa Ibom’s Emergency Operations Centre incident management systems, ensure smooth running of samples collection centres, laboratory cases detection and general coordination,” he disclosed.

The DG said that while the agency continues to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic, it was also focusing on other infectious diseases.

“Our response to the cholera outbreak has continued and as at July 22, a total of 22,130 suspected cases and unfortunately 526 deaths, have been reported due to this illness in 18 states and the FCT.

“However, in the last two weeks, a decline in cases has been recorded and the Emergency Operations Centre, in collaboration with the Ministry of Water Resources, National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA) and other partners, is continuing to coordinate a multi sector response.,” he said.

The NCDC boss noted that the agency always ensured that it made records of challenges from each outbreak and put in measures to improve the next response.

“Last week, NCDC held a national COVID-19 intra action review with various stakeholders to review preparedness and outbreak response, to identify best practices, challenges and propose recommended actions,” he noted.

According to Ihekweazu, some areas of response which we are working on are that we have continued to reinvigorate our risk communications efforts, to ensure Nigerians understand that coronavirus is real and still poses a high risk.

The DG added that in a bid to scale the use of RTDs tests, there have been training of trainers on the appropriate and safe use of these kits in several states, including a just concluded training in Bayelsa, and Benue.

Regarding improving surveillance of COVID-19 cases in the country, he added that the agency was training community volunteers to support case finding and contact tracing.

In a related development, the Minister of Health, Dr Osagie Ehanire has warned that Nigeria was at risk of registering high incidences of the Delta variant of COVID-19.

This it said was due to neglect of preventive measures at Airports and other points of entry in the country.

Ehnaire decried that inspite of evidence of the emergence of a third wave in the country, passengers were  absconding quarantine at all points of entry.

The minister also expressed concerns that citizens had refused to adhere to public health advisories, even as treatment bed occupancy was also registering an increase.

He expressed this concern while noting that countries that were popular travel destinations for Nigerians, including the UK, U.S., UAE, France and Turkey had  high incidence of this virulent variant.

“Nigeria is at increased risk if we continue to neglect public health protocols placed at points of entry, which are our first line of defence and a critical point of concern.

“The ministry’s Point of Entry (PoE) pillar of the COVID-91 response has been continuously monitoring passenger arrivals especially from high-risk countries like India, Turkey and Brazil.

”This process has been an arduous one given that port health staff have continued to report a trend of absconding by quarantined passengers, an act detrimental to our pandemic response and public health safety. 

“The severity of this disease should NOT be disregarded as it is still a primary cause of concern, even in countries with stronger health systems,” he said.

The minister, therefore,  tasked all persons to comply with the Port Health staff or risk facing sanctions, which included prosecution.

“Non-compliance with their directives constitutes a risk to national health security and will be handled with commensurate severity.

“I wish to reemphasise that we must fervently avoid complacency and continue to abide by the given Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions. 

“Remember that Nigeria is a well-traversed country and is susceptible to further importation of the virus, especially when there is clear evidence that the third wave of the COVID-19 pandemic has begun across the continent,” he added.

The minister further stressed that in the past 24 hours, the world  witnessed an increase in reported cases of COVID-19 across a significant number of countries, due to the high transmissibility of the Delta Variant.

“As of  July 25, Nigeria had a total of 170,895 COVID-19 cases, and 2,132 fatalities. There are 4,180 active cases across the country, including 216 new cases recorded in the last 24 hours from 7 states.

“Nigeria started recording an increase in cases after the first case of the delta variant was reported early July,” he stressed.

In preparation for the third wave, Ehanire said the ministry had  taken steps to urgently scale-up and enhance local oxygen capacity even before oxygen consumption increased.

He also said Nigeria had invested directly and strategically to ensuring oxygen availability to avert unforeseen incidence of oxygen insufficiency for COVID-19 patients in the country.

On COVID-19 vaccines, the minister said that Nigeria was expecting over 29 million of the Johnson & Johnson vaccines.

He said that the vaccine was purchased by the Government of Nigeria through the African Union’s African Vaccine Acquisition Task Team (AVATT)  facility and over four million of the Moderna.

He also said that Nigeria is expecting almost 700 thousand of the  AstraZeneca vaccine, through the COVAX facility from bilateral donations from the governments of the U.S. and the UK as well as Pfizer and Sinopharm from both bilateral agreements and through the COVAX facility.

Also speaking, Minister of State for Health, Sen. Olorunnimbe Mamora said that COVID-19 would continue to have a significant impact on the way Nigerians lived.

Mamora urged Nigerians to stay safe because a large portion of the country remained unvaccinated and highly contagious variants, like delta would be spreading as seen in many countries, spurring outbreaks.

NCDC to strengthen infodemics management in response to disease outbreaks

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) says it is working to strengthen infodemics management as part of national emergency preparedness and response framework.

The NCDC says it is working with full support from the World Health Organisation (WHO).

Dr Chinwe Ochu, Director of Prevention Programmes and Knowledge Management, NCDC, made the disclosure on Monday in Abuja.

He spoke at one of the nine pre-conference workshops organised ahead of the Nigerian Conference of Applied and field Epidemiology (NiCAFE) conference.

The pre-conference workshops which took place on July 26 were focused on skill-building and experience sharing.

The maiden Virtual Edition of the NiCAFE conference is scheduled to take place between July 27 and July 28, 2021 with the theme: “Building Back Better: COVID-19 and Other Disease Outbreaks”.

The News Agency of Nigerian (NAN) reports that COVID-19 is the first pandemic in history in which technology and social media are being used on a massive scale to keep people safe, informed, productive and connected. 

“At the same time, the technology relied on to keep people connected and informed is enabling and amplifying an infodemic that continues to undermine the global response and jeopardize efforts by authorities to control the pandemic.”

Ochu speaking on “Managing Infodemics During Epidemics: COVID-19 as a Case Study”, he said that an infodemic was an overabundance of information, both online and offline.

“It includes deliberate attempts to disseminate wrong information to undermine the public health response and advance alternative agendas of groups or individuals.

“Mis and disinformation can be harmful to people’s physical and mental health, increase stigmatisation and threaten precious health gains.

“It can also  lead to poor observance of public health measures, thus reducing their effectiveness and endangering the country’s ability to stop the pandemic.”

She advised journalists on tips to stay updated with verified information on infectious diseases especially in a time of crisis or conflict.

“Everyone has a role to play in managing rumours and misinformation; let’s work together to provide the public with evidence-based information to ensure their safety,” she said.

Dr Abdulraman Danjuma, WHO’s Infodemic Management Consultant, said that the outcome of collaborations among the national and sub-national governments as well as with partners and the private sector was to have an integrated infodemic management system in the country for addressing public health response.

Meanwhile, Dr Emily Collard of the Public Health, England, spoke on simulation exercise for emergency preparedness and response as part of the International Health Regulation (IHR), strengthening project.

She noted that simulation exercises were controlled, objective-driven activities used for evaluating emergency management processes, procedures or capabilities.

Speaking at a parallel session on  the Use of Big Data for Epidemics, Mrs Nwando Mba, Director of Laboratory Services , stated that data informs policy and public health actions.

Mba, who represented the NCDC’s Director-General, added that data informs evidence and is the heartbeat of any outbreak response.

Declaring the pre-conference workshop on simulation exercises open, Dr John Oladejo, Director of Health Emergency Preparedness and Response, NCDC, said that drawing from the theme of the conference, NiCAFE was a great opportunity to build back better leveraging on lessons learnt from Nigeria’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Our correspondent recalls that the conference provided an opportunity to discuss the epidemiology of infectious diseases in the country and the impact of these on regional and global health security.

The conference allowed speakers and attendees to share their experience and knowledge, demonstrate practical techniques and guidance in preventing, detecting and responding to infectious disease outbreaks.

It also provided an opportunity for capacity development through pre-conference workshops and networking.

The pre-conference workshops  had parallels sessions.

The morning session included: Simulation Exercises as a Tool for Strengthening Epidemic Preparedness: Lessons Learnt from Nigeria’s Perspective – Public Health England.

“Using big data in epidemics – eHealth Africa.

“Managing infodemics during epidemics: COVID-19 as a case study – World Health Organization (WHO).

“Preventing Epidemics: Using the IHR Evaluation Tools for Outbreak Preparedness and Response  Resolve to Save Lives”. 

COVID-19: NCDC reports 877 new infections, total case count now 150,246

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has reported  877 new cases of the  Coronavirus (COVID-19), bringing the total number of infections in the country to 150,246.

The NCDC disclosed this on its official Twitter handle late Thursday.

It also registered additional 16 COVID-19 deaths, raising the total fatality in the country to 1,803 in the past 24 hours.

It said that the 877 new infections were reported from 26 states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).

The agency reported that Lagos state recorded the highest number of the day followed by Kaduna state.

“Lagos-273, Kaduna-87, Rivers-58, Akwa Ibom-47, Ebonyi-47, Edo-46, Ogun-46, Abia-34, Imo-34, Kano-34, Oyo-26, Osun-22, and Gombe-20.

“Others are Ekiti-19, Cross River-15, FCT-15, Plateau-11, Enugu-nine, Kebbi-eight, Borno-seven, Niger-six, Bayelsa-five,  Nasarawa-four, and Kwara-two, while Katsina and Sokoto reported one case each,” it stated.

According to the agency, 126,417 people have been released from various isolation centres across the country  since the onset of the pandemic.

The public health agency said that cases discharged as of Thursday included 275 community recoveries in Lagos State and 91 community recoveries in Kwara State managed in line with its  guidelines.

It said that a multi-sectoral national Emergency Operations Centre (EOC), activated at Level 3, is coordinating response activities nationwide.

The Nigeria’s public health institute said that there were now over 22 thousand active cases across the country in the last 24 hours.

 our reporter confirmed that the country has tested 1,441,013 people since the first confirmed case relating to the COVID-19 pandemic was announced on Feb. 27, 2020

COVID-19: NCDC records 397 new infections, 10 deaths

The Nigeria Centre For Disease Control (NCDC) has registered 397 new infections of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) in the country.

The NCDC made this known via its verified website on Monday.

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the country has so far tested 932,327 people since the first confirmed case relating to the COVID-19 pandemic was announced on Feb. 27.

The public health agency said that the new infections were reported from 17 states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) which brought the country’s total number of infected people to 84,811.

The NCDC also stated that there were 12,126 active cases across the country.

The agency added that deaths as a result of COVID-19 related complications had increased by 10, while 323 patients across the country had been discharged after testing negative for the virus.

“Our discharges today (Monday) include 152 community recoveries in Lagos State, managed in line with the guidelines,” it stated.

The NCDC said that 144 of the new infections were recorded in Lagos, 83 in Plateau, 48 in Kaduna, 36 in Adamawa and 22 in Rivers.

While Oyo reported 16 cases; Kebbi 10;  Nasarawa and Sokoto, seven cases each.

Five cases each were confirmed in the FCT and Kano; four in Edo and Jigawa had three.

Ogun and Akwa Ibom state had two cases each, Niger, Bauchi and Zamfara reported one each.

According to the NCDC, 397 new confirmed cases and 10 deaths are recorded in the country as at Dec. 28.

It stated that a multi-sectoral national emergency operations centre (EOC), activated at Level Three, continued to coordinate the national response activities.

The NCDC stated that till date, 84,811 cases have been confirmed, 71,357, discharged and 1,264 deaths recorded in 36 states and the FCT.

The health agency noted that it was important for parents to also encourage their children and to wash their hands frequently with soap water, wear face masks in public and avoid large gatherings to reduce the spread of the virus.

“Young people account for over 50 per cent  of COVID-19 cases in Nigeria. They have a role to play in reducing the risk of spread,” it said.

Meanwhile, the NCDC advised Nigerians to stay at home if they felt unwell and call their state`s helpline to get tested.

“Do not mingle with others if you have symptoms such as fever, cough or sudden loss of sense of taste or smell,’’ it advised. 

COVID-19: NCDC records 1,041 new infections

The Nigeria Centre For Disease Control (NCDC) has registered  1,041 new infections of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) in the country.

The NCDC made this known via its verified website on Thursday.

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic last February, more than 912,114 samples had been tested by the agency.

NCDC said that the new infections brought the total number of confirmed cases in Nigeria to 81,963, out of which 69,651 patients had been discharged and 1,242 deaths recorded.

It said that the 1,041 new cases were recorded in 22 states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).

The centre said the number of COVID-19 patients who have been discharged had increased by 377.

“Our discharges today include 128 community recoveries in Lagos State, managed in line with the set guidelines,” it stated.

As for new infections, the NCDC stated that Lagos took the lead with 316 new cases, followed by the FCT with 210, Kaduna 83 and Plateau 70 cases.

Gombe and Oyo had 56 each;  Katsina, 47;  Nasarawa, 35, Kano, 33 and Ogun, 21.

Rivers reported 17 new cases; Niger and  Imo14 each; Delta, Kwara and Edo had 12 each;  Benue, nine and Anambra had eight.

According to the NCDC Taraba and Ekiti had four, Ebonyi, six and Bayelsa and Sokoto got one each.

The agency said that a multi-sectoral national Emergency Operations Centre (EOC), activated at Level Three, has continued to coordinate the national response activities.

Meanwhile, the NCDC disclosed that in the recent weeks there has been a huge increase in the number of samples sent to the National Reference Laboratory in Abuja from several states and the FCT.

“This has led to an unusual delay with testing, but we’re working round the clock,’’ it said.

The NCDC appealed to workers in laboratories across the states to continue with COVID-19 testing, so that most samples are not sent to its laboratory in Abuja.

“Despite the very tough year, we appeal to health workers across the country to sustain the response. We remain committed to supporting states,” the NCDC said.

COVID-19: NCDC registers 356 new Infections, 6 deaths in 24hrs

The Nigeria Centre For Disease Control (NCDC), has registered 356 new infections of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) in the country, as at Dec.21, the Centre announced on its verified website on Monday.

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that since the beginning of the outbreak in February, more than 893,590 samples had been tested by NCDC, out of which 78,790 were returned positive.

The public health agency said that the country sadly recorded six additional deaths in the last 24 hours, explaining that 180 patients were discharged from isolation centers across the country, after recovering from the infection.

The NCDC said that the new infections were reported from 14 states and and the Federal Capital Territory, in the last 24 hours, with the breaking showing the Federal Capital Territory leading with 79 infections, while Lagos occupied the second spot with 59 infections, while Kaduna, Katsina and Nasarawa had 56, 37 and 30 respectively. 

Others states on the list were; Kano-25, Edo-18, Gombe-14, Kebbi-12, Akwa Ibom-7, Rivers-7, Sokoto-7, Abia-3, Ogun-1 and Cross River -1.

The agency said that the multi-sectoral national Emergency Operations Centre (EOC), activated at Level 3, continued to coordinate the national response activities.

NCDC noted that till date, 78,790 cases had been confirmed, 68,483 cases had been discharged and 1,227 deaths recorded across the country.

COVID-19: NCDC records 806 new infections, 11 additional deaths

The Nigeria Centre For Disease Control (NCDC) has recorded 806 new infections of Coronavirus (COVID-19) in the country.

The NCDC made this known via its verified website on Friday, Dec. 18, 2020.

National trail reports that the agency has since February 2020, tested over 869,362 samples out of which 77,013 returned positive.

The agency said that the country sadly recorded 11 additional deaths in the last 24 hours.

“Total reported deaths for today includes a cumulative of six deaths recorded in Gombe State over two days,” it said.

According to it, the  new infections are from 25 states and the Federal Capital Territory  (FCT).

It  also disclosed  that 374  patients were discharged after testing negative from the virus.

The NCDC said that Lagos reported 287 cases, FCT, 255; Kaduna, 36; Akwa-Ibom, 29; Katsina, 25; Rivers, 25; Kwara, 21; Bauchi, 19; Kano, 15; Ondo, 14 and Plateau, 13.

Others include Yobe, 12; Nasarawa, 11; Ebonyi, nine; Gombe, eight; Abia, seven; Delta, four; Imo, four;  Osun, three;  Anambra, two; Borno, two; Cross River, one;, Edo, one; Ekiti, one; Jigawa, one and Ogun, one.

The agency said that a multi-sectoral national emergency operations centre (EOC) activated at Level 3, continued to coordinate the national response activities.

According to the health agency,  the 806 new confirmed cases and 11 deaths are recorded in the country as at Dec. 18.

It noted that till date, 77,013 cases had been confirmed, 67,484, discharged and 1,212 deaths recorded in 36 states and the FCT.

COVID-19: NCDC says it’s supporting NYSC on safe reopening of camps

The Nigeria Centre For Disease Control (NCDC) has said that it is supporting and providing a public health guidance for safe reopening of the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) camps across the country.

Mrs Elsie Ilori, the Head of Department, Surveillance and Epidemiology Department, NCDC, said this on Monday in Abuja at the joint Presidential Tasks Force Briefing on COVID-19.

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the Federal Government has disclosed that NYSC orientation camps will reopen on Nov. 10, 2020.

Ilori said that the agency was working with the NYSC to ensure the safety of our youth and communities as they resume activities across the country in various camps.

Ilori said that COVID-19 had caused a lot of disruptions in most of the country’s activities and no one anticipated that this would happen.

“We had all planned and made preparations, our young ones had planned but unfortunately it did not happen because of COVID-19 which came and disrupted most things.

“We have been working with the Ministry of Youths and Sports through the NYSC to put in place and strengthen the infection, prevention and control capacity of the NYSC camps.

“Beyond this, we are going to support the NYSC camps with authorities to ensure prompt identification of COVID-19 cases for treatment,” she said.

She said that the key measure NCDC put in place was the use of Rapid Diagnosis test for screening corps members as they arrive in camp.

She noted that the tests were approved for use in specific settings by the World Health Organisation (WHO), and it would be beneficial for the identification of COVID-19 cases for treatment given their high sensitivity and specificity.

“We’ve also a self-reporting form the Corps members will fill before they go to camps.

“The form will enable them to give their details ahead of resumption and this will give us a seamless process for sample collection.

“Every Corps member must fill this form before resuming. It is online.

“To make the process easier we are going to provide step-by-step guide on how to go about this as well as the guideline to stay safe while in camp.

“All of this we are doing in collaboration with the NYSC officials.

“Each NYSC camp will have what is known as the IPC Vanguards; they will help to monitor compliance with the COVID-19 preventive measures to significantly lower the risk of infection,” she explained.

She disclosed that the agency would also be using NYSC communication channels including the NYSC radio stations to amplify the efforts in each state as well as to sensitive the public and the NSYC community to what was being done.

“Last week, we carried out the risk assessment for the camp in Abuja and that has helped us to look at the gaps and guidelines we have set up.

“And that has helped to find risk assessment tools and this will be rolled out across the country this week.

“This tool will be used by states’ NYSC and surveillance teams to evaluate the potential risks,” she noted.

She, however, asked for co-operation by all Corps members and adherence to IPC measures for their safety and those of their loved ones.

“To ensure the safe reopening of camps, it is important that we work collectively; of course the government cannot do it alone.

“It is a collective measure and collective action. We have to exercise collective responsibility,” she said. (NAN)